Commercial and domestic boreholes, water wells and geothermal heat systems

Commercial borehole case studies

Borehole case studies – renovation for a food manufacturer in Lincolnshire

These borehole case studies are a small snapshot of the work undertaken by WB+AD Morgan.

This case study details a project undertaken by the company to drill a 720mm borehole for a food processing facility to rectify issues left by a former drilling company.

WB+AD Morgan successfully drilled a new borehole to pump 120m3/hr

The problem with the original borehole:

The original borehole produced large volumes of suspended solids when running at a high yield. This was probably caused by the original construction not isolating the soft and poorly consolidated strata that sits above the Lincolnshire Limestone. The borehole also had an artesian head at surface (flowing artesian) in excess of 80m3/hr and 0.5 bar.

Drilling works:

To maintain control of drilling fluids and the artesian head, the borehole was drilled using rotary mud flush and a casing preventer at surface. The site would have flooded if there were no preventative measures in place to control the artesian flow.


– Starter casing set at 810mm diameter to 2m depth
– Drilled diameter at 720mm to 18m depth and 508mm diameter steel casing pressure grouted into position
– Drilled diameter from 18m to 55m at 485mm and 406mm diameter steel casing pressure grouted into position
– Drilled from 55m to 84.5m depth at 400mm diameter
– Cased with 304mm uPVC casing and screen
– Geology: Lincolnshire Limestone

Borehole development:

After drilling, borehole was developed with 20% Hydrochloric acid to improve yields.

Borehole case study end result:

Following successful completion of drilling and initial yield test, acidisation has improved both the yield and borehole performance, thus running costs for the factory are reduced. Borehole pump now has capability to pump at over 120m3/hr (33L/sec).

Borehole preventer
Borehole preventer
Artesian flow from borehole
Artesian flow from borehole

Repairing a collapsed borehole for a textile company near Mansfield


760mm diameter to 85m deep
Cased to 28m with steel casing – open hole below
Pumping rates of 56m3/hr
Geology: Sherwood Sandstone

The problem encountered:

The main issue was dirty water was being encountered during borehole pumping.

Investigation by WB+AB Morgan using CCTV showed that the borehole wall had collapsed at depth, possibly caused by ground movements due to historical coal mining activities in the area.

Repair work cork carried out:

– Remove existing pump and old steel riser pipe
– Clear borehole using airlift eductor technique
– Install new casing string using Bridge Slot Carbon steel screens at 406mm
– Install 3-8mm gravel pack to stabilise borehole wall
– Develop borehole using airlift to settle gravel pack
– Install pump on new PVC rising main
– Carry out step test to check borehole performance.

Borehole case study end result:

Water runs clear after borehole pump is turned on – pumping rate of 60m3/hr with minimal drawdown shows that borehole is still hydraulically efficient.

Bridge Slot Screen
Bridge Slot Screen

Punctured well screen affecting a public supply borehole, West Sussex


400mm diameter to 51m deep
Cased to 12m with steel casing- steel screen to base of borehole with 3mm slot
Sand pack behind well screen 5 to 10mm
Geology: soft sands and bands of sandstone

The main problems:

The borehole was pumping sand, there was infill at the base of the borehole. Investigation using CCTV b the Morgan’s team showed that a hole in the flexible rising main, caused by torque twist, had punctured the well screen via the high velocity jetting action. This allowed the sand pack and soft sand from the formation to flow into the borehole.

Work carried out:

– Fabricate hydraulic (water only) casing “punch” to perforate the existing well screen allowing the remaining sand pack to flow into the screen.
– Remove remaining sand pack via an air lift eductor system and store for future use.
– Remove damaged well screen and install new stainless steel wedge wire screen and re-introduce the collected sand pack.
– Develop borehole to settle sand pack and re-install pump on a new rigid riser pipe.


The pubic water supply borehole is now back in supply.

Wedge Wire Screen
Wedge Wire Screen

Reduced borehole performance at a Paper mill, Kent


406mm diameter to 78m
Cased to 35m with steel casing
Stainless steel screen to base of borehole with 1mm slots
Geology- Folkestone and Hythe beds (Lower Greensand)

The problems with the commercial borehole:

Borehole pumping suspended solids and reduced borehole performance.
CCTV of borehole by EGS which indicated that the borehole screens were partially blocked with encrustation from iron bacteria and manganese deposits.
Turbulent inflow of water towards the base of the borehole.
Chemistry analysis of the water showed that there were high iron and manganese levels.

Work carried out by WB+AD Morgan:

– Mobilise workover rig to site
– Remove existing pumps and riser. Clean pump in “acid bath ” to remove any blockages on intakes etc.
– Scrub borehole walls and screen section using purpose built scrubbing tool
– Backfill a section of the borehole base using clean inert silica gravel and install fabricated concrete “plug” 1.5 long to hold gravel backfill in place
– Develop borehole by using airlift eductor methodology to minimise potential ingress of air to the system. Flush borehole with Clearbore product to remove any remaining iron/manganese build up.
– Carry out CCTV survey to assess improvements and install pump on new Certalok uPVC rigid rising main

Commercial client borehole case studies – end result:

Borehole screens are much cleaner. Water runs clear after borehole pumps being turned on, borehole now back in supply. Reduced running and maintenance costs due to more efficient borehole efficiency and cleaner water.

If you’re a commercial entity with a private water supply that needs analysis, repairs, improvements or comprehensive renovation, please contact the Morgan’s team today. and you can read more borehole case studies here.